PRACTICAL CHESS ENDGAME

*www.chessending.com*

Editor: Brian Gosling

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I have decided to add further endings to the site on a monthly basis. The new position will appear at the beginning of each new month. You are invited to solve it. I will be pleased to receive feedback about the positions and the analysis. The solution will be published the following month with the new position. Some of these positions will come from actual historical games. Others will be composed endgame studies, but they will be relevant to the practical game. The site has over 400 chess endings and endgame studies and and has been running for over seven years. An explanation of the different types of endings is given below. Thanks for your support.

A database of chess endings.
Thanks to Antonio Senatore.
THIS MONTH

POSITION 364

White to play and WIN

FEN:2k5/1p1b1B2/p1p1p2p/K1P1Pp2/PP6/6P1/7P/8 w - - 0 1:

It is good training to try initially to solve the endings without the assistance of a chess playing programme.

Solution for the above, plus new position: 1st JULY 2005.


LAST MONTH, POSITION 363

Jan Timman, (1951- )

Dutch Grandmaster. World Championship Challenger. Endgame Composer A leading player since the mid 70s. He has won many top class events including Wijk aan Zee, Linares, Amsterdam and Tilburg. In 1993, he lost a FIDE World Title match against Karpov (+2-6=13).

 

Timman, 1980 

White to play and DRAW

 

FEN:8/3K4/2p5/4p3/2P5/1B3pk1/8/8 w - - 0 1:  

Black's passed pawns which will soon be connected are a formidable force. White's position looks lost as his Bishop stands badly and his counterattack against the opponent's c-pawn creating his own passed pawn seems too slow. At the heart of this study is a theoretical position (see note to 6.c3 below) which was "discovered" over a hundred years ago and which is well worth remembering because it often appears in practical Q&P endings. Normally the side with a pawn two squares away from queening would lose easily. But if the Queen and King are unfavourably placed obstructing each other, a pawn on the 6th rank guarded by its King can draw.

1.c5! ...

White's only hope lies in advancing the c-pawn.

1.Bd1? c5! 2.Kc6 e4 3.Kxc5 e3-+;

1... e4

2.Bd1! ...

White is going to give up the Bishop for the f3 pawn. This also has the effect of forcing the Black King to an unfavourable square as we shall see later.

2.Kxc6? e3 3.Bd5 e2 4.Bxf3 e1Q (4...Kxf3? 5.Kd7 e1Q 6.c6=) 5.Kd7 Qd2+ 6.Kc8 Kf4! ( 6...Kxf3? 7.c6= ) 7.c6 Ke5 8.c7 Qb4! 9.Kd7 Qd6+ 10.Kc8 Qb6! 11.Kd7 Qe6+ 12.Kd8 Kd6 13.c8N+ Kc5 WINS;

2... e3

3.Bxf3 Kxf3

4.Kxc6 e2

5.Kd7! ...

This is the only move to draw.

5.Kb6? e1Q 6.c6 Qb4+ 7.Ka7 Qc5+ 8.Kb7 Qb5+ 9.Kc7 Ke4+-;

5.Kd6? e1Q 6.c6 Kf4 7.c7 Qe8+-;

5... e1Q

6.c6 ...

This is an important theoretical position which has been known since H.F.L. Meyer had a study published in an Italian magazine in 1884 !! (Here the advanced pawn was an f-pawn instead of a c-pawn). Apart from the Timman composition this theme has appeared in a number of studies since then. The Black King is unfavourably placed at "f3" because it blocks the d1-h5 diagonal. If the King had been at "g3" then Black would have the winning checks 6....Qd1+ 7.Kc8 6...Qg4+ and the pawn could have been stopped from advancing to "c7". The King would have been forced to occupy this square, driven there by the Queen checks, thus blocking the advance of the c-pawn. The Black King could therefore advance towards the enemy pawn thus securing the win.

6... Qd2+

7.Kc8! Draw.

The pawn will reach "c7" and White obtains a theoretically drawn position.

Gens Una Sumus
8X8 Basic Endings for Success

Rueben Fine, 1941 

 

 

 

 

White to move: 1.Nc6! Kf2 2.Kd6 Bg3+ 3.Kc5 Bc7 4.Kb5 Ke3 5.Ka6 Ke4 6.Kb7+-; White wins as the Bishop is forced of the diagonal.

 

Black to move: 1...Kf2 2.Nc6 Ke3 3.Kd6 Bg3+ 4.Kc5 Bc7 5.Kb5 Ke4 6.Ka6 Kd5 7.Kb7 Kd6=; The King arrives just in time to support the Bishop.  

 

 

I would like to briefly summarise the type of endings found on the site. These are; (a) Basic endings. (b) Practical chess endings. (c) The Endgame study.

All these are interrelated and important and you cannot understand (b) or (c) without a knowledge of (a).

(a) Basic Endings. These are theoretical positions in which we know the correct result with optimum play by both sides. They may consist of three pawns or less and also include all the non-pawn and five piece endings which have now been extensively analysed by computer and of which we have tablebases. In the days when we had adjournments some of these endings could be looked up in text books to give us some idea how to play the position. As we no longer can do this, knowledge and memory of these endings has become important in practical play. Fundamental Chess Endings (2001) by Muller and Lamprecht and Basic Endings (1992) by Balashov and Prandstetter and the earlier A Pocket Guide to Chess Endgames (1970) by David Hooper are good introductions to these endings.

(b) Practical Endings. These occur in over-the-board play where usually more pawns are present. The above ending is an example of this type. Some of these endings are in the process of being transformed to basic endings but often they finish before this stage is reached. Endgame strategy is very different from the middlegame and has its own set of rules and exceptions. Fine's book Basic Chess Endings (1941,2003) recently revised by Pal Benko and Batsford Chess Endings (1993) by Speelman, Tisdall and Wade are about basic and practical endings and both can be recommended.

(c) Endgame Studies. These are positions which have been composed and will contain elements of one or both of the above types of endings. But there are important differences between these types and the study, such as artistic form and economy of construction. An endgame study has to follow strict rules of composition, especially if it is entered into a composing competition. One of these rules states there should only be one solution. If there is an unintended second solution then the study is unsound and said to be "cooked".

Endgame studies are important to the practical player because they enhance his imagination and help him learn and enjoy areas of theory without too much effort.

John Nunn's Endgame Challenge (2002) is an excellent introduction to using endgame studies as a training tool. Walter Korn's American Chess Art (1995) is a basic introduction to the endgame study and a more comprehensive work is John Roycroft's Test Tube Chess (1972).
Pre 18/04/04 Archives

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01/05/05

Position 362

Schlechter

01/04/05

Position 361

Rinck

01/03/05

Position 360

Pillsbury

01/02/05

Position 359

Horwitz & Kling

16/01/05

Position 358

Przepiorka

19/12/04

Position 357

Keres

12/12/04

Position 356

Matous

05/12/04

Position 355

Taubenhaus

28/11/04

Position 354

Kazantev

21/11/04

Position 353

Geller

14/11/04

Position 352

Somov-Nasimovich

07/11/04

Position 351

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31/10/04

Position 350

Kubbel

24/10/04

Position 349

Botvinnik

17/10/04

Position 348

Mattison

10/10/04

Position 347

Marshall

03/10/04

Position 346

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26/09/04

Position 345

Levenfish

19/09/04

Position 344

L. Pachman

12/09/04

Position 343

Makhatadze

05/09/04

Position 342

Capablanca

29/08/04

Position 341

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22/08/04

Position 340

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04/07/04

Position 339

Kasparyan

27/06/04

Position 338

Petrosian

20/06/04

Position 337

Chekhover

12/06/04

Position 336

Mecking

06/06/04

Position 335

Tattersall

30/05/04

Position 334

Tartakower

23/05/04

Position 333

Sochniev

16/05/04

Position 332

Polugayevsky

09/05/04

Position 331

Koltanowski

02/05/04

Position 330

Euwe

25/04/04

Position 329

Troizky

18/04/04

Position 328

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